Kinesitherapy is treatment with movement. Other terms are therapeutic gymnastics or improvement exercises. The use of kinesitherapy methods allows for maximum improvement of lost function, facilitates the occurrence of compensation processes, protects against the development of abnormal movement stereotypes or restores the already lost, prevents secondary changes in the musculoskeletal system in the form of movement restrictions, prevents complications in the circulatory and respiratory systems that may result from long-term immobilization.
Kinesitherapy is most commonly used in diseases and dysfunctions of the musculoskeletal system, pain syndromes of the spine, after stroke, after myocardial infarction, in some respiratory system diseases, in rheumatoid diseases. Kinesitherapy can be used as the basic and only form of treatment (e.g. in conservative treatment of posture defects) or if the disease requires surgery, it can be carried out both in the pre-operative period and after surgery. In most, even minor injuries of the locomotor system in which kinesitherapy is not the basic form of treatment, it should be applied after the completion of the basic treatment or simultaneously with it. Kinesitherapy is often combined with other forms of treatment including physiotherapy methods in order to increase the therapeutic effect.